cover photo from Andy Mead/Icon Sportswire
The most exclusive position in all of US Soccer: the USWNT’s goalkeeper. Only 23 women have played goalkeeper for the national team in 34 years. Branching off the men’s goalkeeping era post I did a few years ago, the same methodology applies here. The graph portrays a goalkeeper’s percentage of their own games played vs. the available caps in the previous two years. For example, at the end of December 2012, Hope Solo had 31 appearances in the last two years (dating back to the start of 2011). There were only 7 non-Solo goalkeeper caps (Barnhart 5, Loyden 2) in the timespan, giving Solo a 82% share. This is also why a goalkeeper’s last cap will occur two years before their space on the graph completely fades out. Below is the complete list of every goalkeeper that’s played for the national team as well as the corresponding graphs.
All-Time USWNT Goalkeeper Caps
1. Hope Solo (2000-2016) - 202
2. Briana Scurry (1994-2008) - 175
3. Nicole Barnhart (2005-13) - 53
4. Siri Mullinix (1999-04) - 45
5. Alyssa Naeher (2014-present) - 38
6. Saskia Webber (1992-2000) - 28
7. Mary Harvey (1989-96) - 27
8. Tracy Ducar (1996-99) - 24
9. Amy Allman (1987-91) - 24
10. Ashlyn Harris (2013-present) - 19
11. Lakeysia Beene (2000-03) - 18
12. Kim Maslin-Kammerdeiner (1988-91) - 17
13. Kristin Luckenbill (2004) - 14
14. Jill Loyden (2010-14) - 10
15. Kim Wyant (1985-93) - 9
16. Jen Branam (2000, 06) - 6
17. Janine Szpara (1986-87) - 6
18. Jen Mead (1993-1997) - 6
19. Jaime Pagliarulo (1997, 01) - 3
20. Jane Campbell (2017-present) - 3
21. Emily Oleksiuk (2001) - 2
22. Gretchen Gegg (1986, 90) - 2
23. Ruth Harker (1985) - 2
1985 - 1991
The first half decade games were erratic and scarce. 1987, 1989, and 1991 the national team played 11, 1, and 28 games, respectively. UCF alum Kim Wyant started in each of the six first games while Amy Allman and Mary Harvey collected the bulk of the appearances for the time. Allman played in sixteen of the ninteen games from 1987-1988 but would eventually play backup to Harvey, who led the team to a first place finish at the very first World Cup.
As Harvey’s time with the national team waned, some new faces would eventually supplant the World Champion. Harvey was 30 by the time the 1995 World Cup rolled around and while Saskia Webber had established herself as a promising young goalkeeper, it was Briana Scurry who sprang onto the scene at the start of 1994. Until the end of the decade, Scurry received at least half of the caps every year, with UNC product Tracy Ducar (née Noonan) making the biggest dent at the end of 1997. Siri Mullinix started the 2000 Olympic silver medal run as then coach April Heinrichs opted for Mullinix over Scurry due to her spending "too much time appearing on talk shows and too little time at the gym”. A young hotshot goalkeeper named Hope Solo earned her first cap in the spring of 2000.
Solo managed to earn a bulk of the caps for over a decade, dipping off slightly due to a solider surgery at the end of 2010. Scurry would start for the USWNT during the 2011 and 2015 World Cups but the starting spot in the summer of 2007 was split between Scurry and Solo. Barnhart notched 53 appearances over her career as the 37 year old is heading into camp yet again with the Utah Royals. Alyssa Naeher was been the number one goalkeeper since 2017 but as the next five years could look something similar to 2002 or 1993 as the team may start testing out other options at the position.